THE CALL TO JIHAD (FIGHTING FOR ALLAH’S CAUSE) IN THE QUR’ AN
Abu Jahl also tried to kill the Messenger while the latter was in prostration praying in the Al-Masjid-al-Haram, he carried a huge stone to throw it on the Prophet’s head. But when he (Abu Jahl) tried to throw it he turned on his heels full of fear and fright saying. “I am being prevented (going near) from Muhammad by a huge stallion camel intending to swallow me”.
And when Allah wanted to reveal His religion (Islam) and to fulfill His Promise and to make victorious His Prophet, Allah the Most High ordered him to emigrate to Al-Madina, So he stayed there and Allah supported him with His Victory and with His slaves, the faithful believers- the Islamic army unit composed of different sorts of people (black, white, and red). They strove hard for him with all their efforts, and preferred his love to the love of (their) fathers, offspring and wives.
Muhammad was closer to them (believers) then their ownselves. The (pagan) Arabs and Jews had formed a united front against them (Muhammadand his followers) and had put up all their efforts of enmity, standing and fighting against them…and (in fact) they shouted against them from every corner. Then at that time Allah permitted them (Muhammad and his followers) the (Jihad) fighting but He did not make it obligatory. He said:
Permission to fight is given to those (i.e. believers against disbelievers) who are fighting them (and) because they (believers) have been wronged, and surely Allah is Able to give them (believers) victory (V.22: 39)
Those who have been expelled from their homes unjustly only because they said: “ Our Lord is Allah”. (V.22: 40)
The above Verses clearly state that the He (Allah) is able to give victory to His worshippers (the believers) without fighting, but Allah wants from His worshippers obedience with all their efforts. As in His statement:
So when you meet (in fight…Jihad in Allah’s Cause) those who disbelieve smite at their neck till when you have killed and wounded many of them, then bind a bond firmly (on them, i.e.take them as captives). Thereafter (is the time) either for generosity (i.e. free them without ransom) or ransom (according to what benefits Islam), until the war lays down its burden. Thus [you are ordered by Allah to continue in carrying out Jihad against the disbelievers till they embrace Islam (i.e.are saved from the punishment in the Hell-fire) or at least come under your protection] but if it had been Allah’s Will, He himself could certainly have punished them (without you). But (He lets you fight) in order to test you, some with others. But those who are killed in the Way of Allah, He will never let their deeds be lost.
He will guide them and set right their state.